Identifying the problem.

In Texas, 61% of women killed by an intimate partner between 2008 and 2012 were shot . Although both state and federal law say that abusers and subjects of protective orders cannot have guns, Dallas County residents regularly left court without instructions on how to follow the law and did not receive follow-up to make sure they did. However, in the wake of new leadership, closing the gaps that allowed domestic violence offenders to retain their firearms became a top priority: Dallas Mayor Mike Rawlings made disarming domestic violence offenders a staple of his campaign, and the governor of Texas indicated that he was eager to fund judge-instituted programs to disarm domestic violence offenders. In 2014, Judge Cañas, a criminal court judge who only hears domestic violence cases, held a community meeting with community members, law enforcement, victim advocates, and elected officials to figure out the biggest obstacle to disarming domestic violence offenders. From this meeting, Judge Cañas and others determined that the biggest hurdle to disarming domestic violence offenders was the lack of storage: between 700 and 1000 guns could be surrendered per year, but no one in the government had the space to store the guns.

Developing a creative solution.

Using funding from the governor’s and mayor’s offices and given that no public facility could store the guns, Judge Cañas decided to start contacting federally-licensed private gun facilities (such as gun ranges and gun stores) to figure out if they were able to store the guns. Judge Cañas found his solution in the DFW Gun Range, which agreed to lease the county space to store the weapons. Now, convicted abusers, subjects of permanent protective orders and those seeking bond or probation on a family violence crime have two options for surrendering their firearms: turn them in at the gun range or give them to an eligible third party. If they fail to give up their guns by a court-ordered deadline, they risk being arrested or being held in contempt of court. The gun range will store the firearms until they can be returned to their owner, such as when a protective order expires, although it is unclear what will happen to firearms in the case of a lifetime ban.

Enacting the program.

In May 2015, the program launched and officials began confiscating guns from domestic batterers. The program is considered the “ most comprehensive effort in Texas to take guns away from abusers ” and is one of the only firearm-surrender strategies in the country to rely on private storage. Not surprisingly, Judge Cañas’s innovative program is influencing other counties in Texas: while other counties had previously enacted smaller programs often run by judges in individual courts, some are now choosing to follow Dallas County’s lead and develop county-wide programs. While some experts have voiced the concern that threatening to take guns away from domestic abusers could trigger retaliation against the victim, others hope that asking gun owners to turn over their firearms to a gun range – rather than a courthouse or police station – will encourage abusers to give up their guns.

Additional Community Spotlights

Baltimore, Maryland

Specialized Unit Enhances Service or Orders and Confiscation of Firearms

In 2009, Maryland enacted a law requiring a judge to order firearms confiscated from people who have final protective orders filed against them.

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Atlanta, Georgia

A Metro Atlanta County Creates an Effective Surrender Protocol Utilizing the Federal Surrender Laws.

DeKalb County Georgia criminal justice partners set out to save lives with a firearm reduction initiative. Though initially met with reluctance, committed individuals stayed the course until they…

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Research & Information

Knowledge is power. The best interventions are informed by rigorous and reliable research, as well as a clear understanding of the legal context in which these interventions may occur. The Safer Families, Safer Communities Project offers communities the information needed to shape informed responses to firearm-involved domestic violence.

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